Traveling the world is one of the greatest pleasures, especially if you know magical places full of beauty and history. One of the most mysterious and legendary places, is the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu is one of the favorite destinations of travelers from around the world and one of the Seven Wonders of the World, it is a mountain anchored in the South American Andes, and has always been the object of curiosity, on the part of all travelers for the mystery that surrounds her. To get there you have to go through the Sacred Valley of the Incas, which is also full of impressive ruins, and beautiful landscapes.
There is a lot to learn of these mystical and ancient archeological places so before traveling here please read some of the facts below.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas
The Sacred Valley is the settlement of the city of Cusco that was the center of the Inca Empire. This empire extended throughout the Andean mountain range, from southern Colombia, to northern Argentina, and traveled throughout Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru; It was in the Sacred Valley where they established their center for agricultural wealth of these territories. By 1450 the sovereign of the Pachacute Empire wanted the current Machu Picchu to be built.
It is said that the Sacred Valley is related to the milky way, the ancient Incas revered the Sacred Valley so much for the fertility of their lands that they related it to the stars and believed that the valley and the Urubamba River was a reflection of the milky way. This valley has a perfect climate and that is why 6 villages were established, Chinchero, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo, Pisac, Yucay and Calca. These villages are protected from the icy winds by the mountain peaks.
The fertility of the land of the Sacred Valley and its perfect climate is very conducive to the cultivation of various products such as white corn the largest in all of Peru, quinoa, beans, among other products; the ancient Incas created their own micro cultivation system, with the elaboration of impressive circular terraces, today they can be admired in Moray.
The valley also has a salt deposit that formed 100 million years ago located in Maras. On the other hand, Ollantaytambo was a city built by Pachacutec, as a ceremonial center and where the locals still live. This city is an example of perfect urban planning where you can still see the cobbled streets, water channels and walls today. It is one of the most visited tourist destinations for its pre-Columbian architecture. The Sacred Valley of the Incas has been a very important place in the history of the South American Andes, as it was the center of residence of the Inca monarchs during the Spanish colonization.
Due to its perfect climate, it is a favorite place for visitors to do adventure tourism such as, water rafting, cycling, canoeing, mountain climbing and other activities. Its inhabitants preserve their cultures and are happy to share it with the outside world. From here you can go to Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu the old Mountain
The “Old Mountain” as it is also said, is located southeast of the Peruvian Andean mountain range, is one of the most mysterious places on the planet, and the destination of many travelers from around the world. It is currently considered a masterpiece of engineering and architecture.
This monument considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World was re discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911 with the help of the locals living there at the time.
According to the historians, Machu Picchu was the residence of one of the rulers of the Inca Pachacutec Empire, just before the colonial era, between 1438 and 1470. The construction of the mountain terraces are impressive, having a system drainage that still works today.
The construction is divided by 7 zones, agricultural, urban, Hanan sector where the temple of the sun is located, Hurin sector where the sacred rocks are located and the quarry sector where you can see multiple kinds of carved rocks.
National Geographic Magazine published the first pictures in 1913 and brought Machu Picchu to the world. In 1924 two photographers published the photographs of the ruins in different magazines of Peru, which brought some interest to some people. It wasn´t until it became one of the Seven Wonders of the World that the Peruvians devoted their attention and pride of their country´s history.
July 7 is the National Celebration Day of Machu Picchu as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The archaeological ruins of Peru, Cusco, the Sacred Valley of the Incas and the majestic Machu Picchu, provide a whole experience of adventure and amazement to those who dare to travel to these magical and mysterious places. Alone or accompanied, the experience will be unique and unforgettable, living the culture and history, taking you back in time.
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